Hong Kong China Events
In February 2019, the Hong Kong government announced that it was considering a bill that would allow criminal suspects in Hong Kong to be extradited to mainland China to face trial in a court controlled by the Communist Party. In April, Prime Minister Leung Chun-ying of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) said the bill would "not necessarily stoke concern" that China might interfere.
The long-term issue is how the demonstrations in Hong Kong will affect China's relations with the rest of the world. Hong Kong - Hong Kong's demands for democracy are perceived and threatened as a compromise on political reform that could set a dangerous precedent for China and other regions, including the United States, the European Union, and the United Kingdom, as well as other countries in the region. They do not want Hong Kong to commemorate the Tiananmen Square massacre, which it has been doing for years, as it is the only place in China that allows it.
Officials in Beijing are not interested in what other nations think, and there is no sign that outside powers could influence China's approach in Hong Kong. He warned that it was impossible to say what China would do, but that if China intervened in HKU, there would be a dramatic and unpredictable escalation.
The paper outlines the problems of Hong Kong's handover to China and why it is an emotional national issue for China. Here's how the unrest in Hong Kong started, why China is so worried about it, and what it will do to the region's future.
The new national security law certainly looks like a major threat to Hong Kong's autonomy, given Beijing's assertion of greater control. Mr. Chan says the relationship between Beijing and Hong Kong is enshrined in the Basic Law, which allows Beijing to make the final interpretation of what the law means and appoint its top officials, according to a new report by the International Crisis Group.
Indeed, the fuss surrounding the court ruling that favors the protesters illustrates how much Beijing abhors the existence of the courts in Hong Kong in the first place. The government can never make it clear to the mainland that it has independent and transparent resolutions from the mainland. This makes it abundantly clear that the Hong Kong government wants or must fight the protests not through the courts, but through a series of executive orders from Beijing itself. A separate Hong Kong, while economically important to China, will never support the idea that it will be governed as it sees fit, and will regard the occupation of territory by a foreign power as a national humiliation.
He also said in an interview in August that China should respect Hong Kong's rights and that something like Tiananmen Square in Hong Kong could jeopardize trade agreements. He said the Hong Kong Autonomy Act would not have any real impact on Hong Kong.
Britain has a historic interest in Hong Kong, having negotiated the joint declaration that preserved its autonomy in the first place. The truth is that if China wants to crush the demonstrators, as it did during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, it does not need Hongong. Beijing has kept its promise to interfere in Hong Kong's way of life, but it is still very important to the Chinese economy. A proven success of the "Hong Kong example" is crucial for the eventual reunification of Taiwan and Macao.
Although Hong Kong has lost some of its protection from Beijing's influence, China is still eager to invest on the mainland. China respects its autonomy because it contributes enormously to the Chinese economy.
Other governments, such as Russia and Pakistan, are closely monitoring developments in Hong Kong and assessing the punitive costs that China's behavior will incur. Businesses are also coming under increasing pressure to oppose the protests, especially given China's recent crackdown on anti-government protests.
Hong Kong has experienced several unrest since the region was handed over by Britain in 1997, and some would like it to be different from other Chinese cities. Perhaps this is because the mainland is communist and controlled by a single party, while Hong Kong has limited democracy. But the protests are unlikely to convince China that it has overstepped its authority in trying to curtail Hong Kong's autonomy. Instead, they argue that China has not worked hard enough, or at least not in the right way.
The truth is that Hong Kong people value political freedom and prosperity and are more concerned about their country's future than their own security and prosperity.
China is, of course, a very different place today, and its leaders have spoken out openly against the protests in Hong Kong. China has also claimed that the West, especially the U.S. and the CIA, are trying to foment unrest By paying Hong Kong the protesters. In August, Facebook and Twitter said they had found accounts from China spreading false news about the protests, but China also repeatedly condemned the increasingly violent demonstrations that began in response to China's growing rule of law and human rights abuses in the city.