Hong Kong China History
This Sunday marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of Hong Kong as part of Chinese territory. The Chinese rule and its submission to "Chinese rule" and the fact that it has been part of the Chinese Empire for about 2,000 years. Since ancient times, the entire Chinese mainland, including Hong Kong, has been part of Chinese territory, but only for a short time.
Hong Kong formally became British territory in 1842, and the British forced China to cede Hong Kong to it forever. In 1843, China ceded Hong Kong to the British under the London Peace Treaty, but not as a formal treaty.
The treaty signed in the 19th century stipulated that the British would only have to surrender a northern swath called the New Territories, which China also wanted. Britain was legally bound by the 1843 London Peace Treaty, and Hong Kong and Kowloon were ceded forever, but Britain surrendered only the New Territories.
Basically, this meant that Hong Kong would become a country with China, but would enjoy a high degree of autonomy, meaning that it could have its own laws and rules for a time. Britain would retain control of them, and would undoubtedly be the main reason we have both Hongong and China today. The Chinese government united the area and also promoted extensive ties between it. Although China had cultivated influence for decades in the days of British rule, support for Hong Kong in Beijing was meager, but some of its companies were interested in China.
The British aggressor China was defeated in a very weak time and forced to sign the Nanking Treaty, which forced it to cede Hong Kong to the British. The British aggressors were defeated, an agreement between China and Britain was made when Britain ceded control to Britain, and China agreed to govern it on the principle of a one-country system. Here the decision was made to move from a "British colony" to an expected (still uncertain) " The Chinese state of 2047 was shaped by the territory and triggered the largest protests in its history. The Chinese government in Beijing, but when the agreement with China was signed in the early 1990 "s, when it ceded control to the British, the British forces occupied Hong Kong, opening the door to one of the most important political and economic events in Chinese history: the handover to China.
When the lease expired in 1997, the British Government decided to cede Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China, now known as the Special Administrative Region under the Chinese Government. The British territories, which make up 86 per cent of Hong Kong, were under British control until China finally handed over parts of it to Britain.
From 1842 to 1898, the British Empire gradually took control of the three most important regions that make up what is now Hong Kong. The land area that today constitutes the majority of Hong Kong is from Hongong Island. Over the next half-century, Britain gained control of the island's major cities, including Kowloon, Wan Chai, and the South China Sea.
As the deadline for the 99-year lease approached, Britain and China began talks on Hong Kong's future. The Chinese Communist government wanted Hong Kong to return to Chinese rule, and the People's Republic of China and the United Kingdom began negotiations for Hong Kong's peaceful return to China. China's leaders officially informed Britain that their government had decided in 1997 to reclaim the entire territory of HK, and said that China would pursue a "special policy" for Hong Kong until it was reclaimed. Britain has also repeatedly called on the Chinese side to deploy troops on the island to limit China's exercise of sovereignty over the island.
The British takeover of Hong Kong Island, the only piece of land the British did not acquire, was a Chinese fort built to protect Kowloon from a British takeover of Hong Kong (the site is now the KOWALO Walled City Park).
When the 100-year lease expired in 1997 and the entire city was returned to China, Hong Kong was still part of the British Empire. An agreement was reached in 1984 that reshaped its future in the 1980 "s, when it agreed to return the region to China when its lease on the New Territories expired. After years of fear of "Chinese rule," many Hong Kongers left the area and many of its inhabitants for the rest of their lives.
In 1842, China agreed to cede Hong Kong Island to the British for good under the Nanjing Treaty. This defeat came at a price: China ceased to exercise sovereignty over Hong Kong until the end of the Qing Dynasty.
As a British colony, Hong Kong became a British colony in the 1840s, and China later agreed to lease it to China for 99 years in 1898. In 1898, Britain signed a 100-year lease agreement with China, which also gained sovereignty over Hong Kong and surrounding territory, but returned it to the People's Republic of China after the end of World War II. After Britain's 99-year lease with China expired, Britain returned Hongong as a Chinese Special Administrative Region in 1997.